Roma people were deported from all over Europe to what was known as the 'Gypsy Camp'. It was created in Birkenau after Himmler signed an order in December 1942. The first groups of German inmates arrived in February 1943. The camp started to fill up rapidly as new transports landed.
The German authorities' plans for Majdanek did not end with a POW camp's official functions and a concentration camp. KL Lublin also carried out the 'Final Solution to the Jewish Question'. It also served as a detention and transit centre for Poles from the countryside.
The closest international airport is Krakow Airport - John Paul II Kraków-Balice International Airport (1h 30min drive from Auschwitz). Second closest international airport is Katowice Airport Pyrzowice (1h drive to Auschwitz).
Many of the Nazi's concentration camps were established in Poland. Belzec, Chelmno nad Nerem (Cumhof), Rogoznica (Gross-Rosen), Sobibor, Trablinka, Auschwitz, Majdanek, Stutthof.
The Birkenau camp is less visited than Auschwitz, although it was here that the majority of prisoners lived and died. Covering some 170 hectares, the Birkenau camp consisted of 300 buildings...
In 1941, when it seemed that the complete conquest of Europe by Germany was only a matter of time, the leadership of the Third Reich decided to carry out the 'Final Solution of the Jewish Question'.
A total of over 130,000 women were registered in the Auschwitz complex
Each year Krakow is coming closer to Prague regarding the number of tourists visiting the city annually.
The Old Town is on the UNESCO World Heritage List and Wieliczka Salt Mine along with the former concentration camp in Auschwitz are the main tourist attractions of this region.